Every social, political phenomenon has its pre-historical past andreference point. The Labor Union of Atyrau area has its own reference point. Begin of a new labor movement’s upsurge in Caspian area started after successful the revolution on February 1917.This period related to lively staff and employees movement to create Labor Unions in our Oil Emba.OnMarch 1917 first factory committees have been already created on Dossor, Makat oil fields and on Rakusha oil refinery station and in April representatives of those three firms have formed united factory committee. Manufacturing facility committee in Guryev engineering workshop which was reorganized into the Miners fishing committee later, was created in 1920.
At the identical time there was formation process of different labor unions in Guryev. By this time, Unions of shoemakers, cleaning soap-boiler, water transport employees, fishers and so on., have been already created.
There is a giant a part of Guryev Labor Union’s Soviet creating on January 1920 in bringing employees to participate in restoration of the nationwide financial system. The Guryev Labor Union’s Soviet reorganized into the Bureau of Labor Unions on March 1920. First Guryev Labor Union’s convention was held on fifth of July in 1920.The Congress announced The Labor Unions duties: To mobilize workers for restoration of destroyed national economy, to maintain discipline on the office, elevate the cultural stage by way of elimination of illiteracy. Congress additionally ordered to transfer stays of Guryev Sovdep members which had been shot on the Peshnoy island and to erect the monument for perished, additionally the delegates of 1st All-Russian Congress of Labor Unions were elected. The first conference of Kazakhstan Labor Unions was held in the course of the civil warfare in Orenburg on October 1921. The Conference paid most important consideration to the orgazational strengthening of labor unions, elected a new Kirbyuro management team for the trade union motion guiding in the area. This was beginning of the organizational registration of labor unions in Kazakhstan. First collective agreements were concluded throughout that period. Thus, collective agreement between district of Ural-Emba union of mineworkers committee and National affiliation of Emba oil business has consisted of 12 partitions with about one hundred items, that were directed to enhance of labor situations, to carrying out of their working duties and rising of labor productiveness. Prominent role in improvement of Socialist competition in our area and in complete Republic additionally made the primary All-Kazakh’s gathering of shock workers that was being held in Almaty in October of 1930. Afterwards have been created a situations of origin in 1935 Socialist competitors – motion of manufacturing innovators, based on the name of its initiator, competition have been named – Stakhanov’s. Important function in improvement of Stakhanov’s motion in our region was manufactured from district Stakhanov’s convention, that was held in Gur’ev metropolis on November the twenty-fifth in 1935. Amongst the primary of Stakhanov’s in area have been such oil business employees as: Borodin, Zurbayev, Yeskariyev, Bayarstanov, Kotel’nikov and in addition fishermen: Djazikbayev, Polkovnikov, Sarbupenov, Gayvoronskiy and many others. Within the years or world war 2 the principle task of commerce unions has turn into mobilization of working population for carrying out of warfare orders. Following to the resolution of central committee communist’s occasion of Kazakhstan “About to put an operation of labor unions on a war footing “, the labor union’s organizations of the area very actively participated putting evacuated enterprises, to regulate their operation in new circumstances, in association and job placement of arrived individuals. The oilrig workers of Emba had brought their own contribution to a proceeding crushing defeat of the enemy. For the selfless labor they were awarded with the transient Crimson banner of the State Committee of Protection for ten instances, our region additionally was awarded with the same banner for a a number of times for profitable accomplishment of government transport plans, to Novobogatinsk region the transient Red banner of the State Committee of Defense had been left there for an eternal storage. Into enterprises of the oil business has grown up such an exquisite personnel as Balganym Dospayeva, Ivan Krepostin, Yermek Dutbayev, Sary Yusupov, Aukhatov’s brothers, Urazov’s and lots of others.
Accordingly to the archival documents were established that labor union of the teachers was formed in October of 1917 and was named “Teacher’s union of the Guryev-Lbishensk area” (a file of a session proceedings from October 29, 1917). In 1918 it was renamed and was named “Reign of the scholar’s union of Guryev city and its regions”. In August of 1920 the overall meeting of authorities make a decision to reorganize of “Scholar’s union” and create a new which have been named “Worker’s union of Enlightenment and Socialist’s tradition”. By adopted regulations is traced to that instructor’s labor union from the primary days of its institution was set the problem to demonstrate a caring for people of labor, a wrestle for his pursuits, enchancment of their labor and family life conditions. The 15-th of March in 1939 had taken place constitutive conference of the trainer’s labor union, during that conference was formed regional committee of the labor union for an elementary and secondary colleges staff. Gumarov Zeynulla was chosen as a chairman. Guryev’s territorial labor union of the health care workers was established in 1924 and was often known as “Medsantrud”, by the 1935 it was unite 23 preliminary organizations. in 1938 it has turned the regional committee of the well being care worker’s labor union.
Guryev’s regional committee of the labor union of fish business staff was formed in 1946, Tambovtsev Stepan Yephimovich was chosen as a chairman. Speedy growth of the nationwide financial system in republic in postwar years has demanded following improvement and improvement of the labor union’s formation.
Vital part in rising and improvement of labor of the labor union’s organizations performed labor union’s Councils, that has to be restored and created again in republics, lands, areas based on the dedication of 19-th Plenum VCSPS (in 1948). At that interval in our region had worked 4 sectoral region’s committee of labor union and district committee of a labor union of railwaymen of the Guryev’s division of Orenburg’s railway, committees of labor unions of communications and of Astrakhan sheep breeding state farm. As in different areas of the area was needed a coordinating of the labor union work organ. To this objective the 1-st of November of 1948 was carried out the primary regional between the union constituent convention, where was formed regional Council of labor unions and as a chairman was chosen Djumakhanov Kumar Musinovich, previously he has worked as a deputy registrar of provincial committee of get together for industry, secretary was – Akhmedjanov Karim. In connection with creating of between union’s organ, of development and consolidation of sectoral labor unions in region happen the organizational consolidation of labor unions. Thus from November 1948 to the 1-st of July of 1951 the quantity of members of labor union increased from 35 thousand to forty one,5 thousand. By that interval have been 524 primary labor union’s organizations, eight sectoral regional committees, 1 metropolis committee, 1 district committee of labor union and 1 republican committee of labor union of petroleum industry employees. Archival paperwork are exhibiting that from the second of forming regional council of labor unions its work must be directed for improvement and consolidation of relations between the different sectorals, improvement of social and dwelling conditions of working people, arrangement of cultural leisure, care for well being, creation the protected circumstances of work. In a phrase all the job were directed on realization of radical economical reform, that was happening then underneath the course of occasion. To the labor unions had been entrusted the Nationwide social insurance. This is an enchancment of working folks’s and their youngsters well being, funds of various advantages, payment of short-term disability allowance. From 1960-th years operates “Guryevskiy” sanatorium, at labor union insistence by organizations have been built and reconstructed sanatoriums- preventoriums for chemists, oil industry staff, construction workers, automobilists, energy engineering specialists, ANPZ, fishermen in Ganyushkino village. Solely in two years (1976-1977) using the labor union’s route sheet in numerous health-bettering sanatoriums has improved their well being 16 thousand folks, 715 persons – by vacationer’s vouchers had visited foreign nations, 12 thousand of students – had been in pioneer camps. Below the direction of labor unions had labored non-government organizations NTO, VOIR, Home of the novice creation, sport’s societies “Kairat”, “Enbek”, ” Labor reserves”, 300 clubs and pink corners, 27 libraries with holdings of 173 thousand books, 90 everlasting and 30 portable film projectors. Group and summation of socialist competition tackled mainly by labor unions. At XV regional between union convention (1977) were reported that by results IX five-yr plan within area 542 livestock workers and agriculture had been awarded the orders and medals, 1600 individuals were awarded a title “Winner of the Socialist competition”, 540 individuals – title “Report-setter in work productiveness IX of a 5-12 months plan”.
Regional council of labor unions had been directed such statesmen as S. Mukashev (1962-1963 years), Kamalidenov Z. (1970), they’ve gone by way of celebration’s faculty, they worked beforehand as a secretaries of the district and city committees, Khalelov M., Alenova U., Aitzhanov B., Izteleuov B., Madimov I., Gabdusalimova M.
Of 67 years of exercise, 27 year a regional Federation had worked jointly with Mangishlaks’s labor union organizations, because it was frequent region.
In 1990 – 1995 years throughout the nation have been going reforms. At that interval closing down enterprises, organizations, that had led naturally to the axe of quantity of labor union organizations and members of labor union. Thereby were closed four sectoral regional committees and 5 united committees of labor union. In the very regional Federation of labor union that had consisted previously of 12 departments with 50 of specialists, had remained only 5 workers. In 1996 yr by the government of Republic made a decision about separation from labor unions organizations tackled with Nationwide social insurance. At that very period by the supply of the a part of activists have been formed two regional councils of labor unions (territorial and sectoral) that had damaging mirrored on effectively coordinated work of labor unions (experiment of creating of district municipal Soviet labor unions in our region among different 3 areas of the Union that was carried out in 1988-1990 by resolution VCSPS). In 1997 was modified again to the sectoral precept of work in labor unions. Shock reforms, hasty privatization, liberalization of the prices and rates, delay of wage and pension funds had provoked protest from the side of labor unions, had critically strained relations between the labor and capital. On this years the labor unions had been standing on precept position for safety of the pursuits of working folks.
Individuals enter into the labor unions for protection of their financial interests, but to begin with a labor’s. On the period of reforms they started to know that is becoming more difficult to protect their very own rights by oneself, due to this fact they’ve referred to the labor unions, thus confidence to the labor unions has completely developed. Legal basis of labor union’s activity inserted in lots of paperwork, starting from the structure RoK and different legislational acts of state, sustaining social and authorized relationships. Federation of the labor unions of their sensible work is guided by these paperwork. As considerations of concrete social and financial, labor’s rights of the citizen and of worker, that the main event of 2014 was signing by the President of the nation the law of Republic of Kazakhstan “About labor unions” (hereinafter – the Legislation). The legislation was significantly enlarged the rights of the Kazakhs and labor unions in several areas of labor relationships.
From the 2008 activity of conclusion of a collective contracts had become more lively. The quantity of the labor unions which have concluded collective bargaining contract and settlement inside an area reached 669, that’s one hundred % of enterprises and organizations where the labor unions are operated. To this motto labor unions having added an own catchword: “Create labor union’s group”! Because of the novelties which have been in Law has been stipulated responsibility of an employer in refusing from conduct of negotiations with the staff or with an employee representative to the conclusion of a collective settlement as well as appreciably simplified procedure of creation of the labor union’s initial cells without registration at the institutions of justice. We’re positive that in close to future the aware employers will probably be serious about creation of labor unions themselves, as labor union’s organizations are at all times help constructional and mutually helpful dialogue between an employer and worker.
A major role in solving problem of safety of rights of the workers performs a mechanism of social participation. This work is finishing up up to the mark. Operates a tripartite agreement (yearly signed) between regional Akimat, Federation of labor unions and affiliation of the employers. Quarterly take part in a convention tripartite commission, the place consider precise socio-economic relations between employers and staff, to listen to manufacturing facility managers, of organizations, the place displaying up irregularities of labor legislation, conflict conditions.
Between all of the acting in region sectoral, united committees of labor unions and their partners had concluded sectoral (tariff) agreement. Federation of regional labor unions right this moment – it is 669 preliminary labor union’s organizations, one regional (oil trade staff), 7 regional sectoral committee of labor union, which united 83907 members of labor unions. Officials of this committees are skilled, confidential of their members of labor union workers, the principle exercise of whom directed on protection of socio-financial rights of residents to work, his fair pay, safety against unemployment and lawlessness, for regular conditions of labor. On the advanced market’s transformation time, arrival of the overseas buyers to work of protection of the rights and interests of working population and of the labor union’s organizations sectors make a significant contribution such a labor union’s leaders as Batyrov Ok., Kabdulov T.B., Kanbetov SH.A., Sarsenova N.D., Uteuliyev E.K., Yesimova ZH., Ashenova A.B., Kaynenov K.Okay., and many others. Actively working the labor union’s organizations of the main enterprises of trade in region – AO “ATMA”, of the Atyrau’s oil refinery plant, AO “Atyrau Zharik”, headed by Gabdusalimova M.G., Urimbasarov Ok.M., Djumazhanova A.G., regional social councils of chairmen of initial labor union’s organizations.
Time has proved the correctness of the chosen path and at this time we look into the long run with confidence. Through the final a few years, construction of the Federation of labor unions as the very mass unification of working population in area are stabile. The members of the labor union in region are approximately 85% from the overall number of large and center enterprises workers and one third from the variety of economically energetic population, that just about twice exceed the common indices in Republic, this is the real indicator of confidence of our activity. In nearest prospects – expansion of sphere of activity on factories with the international participation, that engaged of Tengiz and Kashagan improvement, JV and the personal firms, that have already been began in construction and oil and gasoline of the areas.
To comprehend a work at the area of safety of rights and pursuits of working inhabitants, to contribute to strengthening of labor union’s organizations, to provision of the ensures of their activity and illustration of their pursuits to a higher labor union organization and to bodies of government energy of the area, Federation of labor unions continuously work together with Federation of labor unions of the Republic of Kazakhstan, participating at the all important preparations and supporting legislative initiatives. And our worldwide relations become wider. As we speak Federation of labor unions of the region takes part in instructional, informational packages and work together with VKP, MK NGSP, IndustriALL, of the sectoral labor union’s organizations of the nations of Commonwealth of Impartial States.
The necessity of the realization of our objectives was dictated by changed situations of growth of the nation. Active involvement of the Kazakhstan into a worldwide worldwide processes. Industrial growth of the economics, strengthening of the properly-being of the people and the entry on the 30-ty of very superior countries of the world throughout the framework of realization of Strategy “Kazakhstan 2050”.
For us this system document was the speech of the President N.A Nazarbayev “20-ty steps to the society of the common labour”. It in full measure has mirrored all of the spectrum of labor’s interrelations, emphasized the eye on a working individuals, gave the “green gentle” to the renewal of the exercise of labor unions. The new impulse for system achievement of assigned aims fairly not too long ago given at the message of the President of country: “Nurlyzhol – the way into the future”. Nursultan Abishevich Nazarbayev has made an attraction for effectively use of not easy disaster period for scaled breakthrough of the economic system of Kazakhstan.