Oct 28 (Reuters) – The rate of security-associated incidents on federally regulated pipelines in Canada doubled during the last decade, whereas the speed of reported spills and leaks was up threefold, in response to an investigative report by Canada’s nationwide broadcaster.
The full variety of incidents, which included all the things from spills to fires, swelled from 45 in 2000 to 142 in 2011, the CBC reported on Monday, citing data from the National Power Board (NEB) obtained by access-to-information requests.
That translated to a doubling from one incident for every 1,000 km (620 miles) of federally-regulated pipeline in 2000, to two in 2011.
The CBC investigation additionally discovered that the rate of product reported releases – spills and leaks – rose threefold, from 4 releases for each 10,000 km in 2000, to thirteen in 2011.
The NEB regulates all pipelines that cross provincial or international borders, however doesn’t monitor smaller pipelines which are solely in a single province.
The security of delivery petroleum products via pipelines has change into a scorching subject in recent years, with firms like Enbridge Inc and TransCanada Corp developing major new projects to maneuver crude from Canada’s oil sands to markets within the United States and Asia.
Opponents say a pipeline leak could cause catastrophic environmental injury and often cite a 2010 incident where an Enbridge pipeline carrying crude from Alberta ruptured, spilling large amounts of oil into the Kalamazoo River in Michigan.
But pipeline companies say their operations are safer than the choice – shifting oil and gasoline products by rail or truck.
Certainly, the security of rail has grow to be a central difficulty in Canada since a runaway practice hauling crude oil derailed and exploded within the city of Lac-Megantic, Quebec in July, killing 47 individuals. Earlier this month, one other practice hauling crude oil and liquefied petroleum fuel derailed and caught fire in Alberta.
A recent report by the Fraser Institute, a proper-leaning suppose tank, discovered that pipelines are safer for employees and that the danger of spill incidents is barely decrease than with rail.
The CBC investigation looked at paperwork on 1,047 pipeline safety incidents from Jan. 1, 2000, until late 2012. Corporations regulated by the NEB should report security points like deaths or critical accidents, fires and explosions, spills over 1,500 liters and every gas leak.
The NEB attributed the rise in incidents to heightened consciousness among corporations about reporting standards, in accordance with the CBC. A spokesperson for the regulator was not immediately available for comment.