There may be a vast scope of petroleum conservation in India provided there are technological improvements, monetary incentives, coverage initiatives and legislative measures for implementing conservation. Transport, trade, home/ family and agriculture are 4 main sectors which devour bulk of petroleum.
Consciousness programmes for every sector should be developed after which extensive publicity of the measures which would bring about savings have to be undertaken to result in the specified results.
The transport sector is considered one of the most important shoppers of petroleum products primarily petrol and high velocity diesel. This sector accounts for 50 per cent consumption of petroleum in India. Highway transport alone accounts for about 37 per cent of the overall oil consumption.
With fast increasing transport community this consumption level is sure to extend. Oil products constitute almost eighty per cent of complete commercial energy used in transport (different sources being coal and electricity). Therefore, any vitality conservation programme in transport sector is bound to strengthen our economic system.
This may be finished largely by introducing extra gasoline efficient engines, operation of transport autos at optimum pace, improving highway situations and avoiding visitors bottlenecks, particularly in city areas.
These measures can save about 30-35 per cent fuel. Provision of better roads alone can save 10 per cent petroleum. Extension of railway community has led to substantial savings in excessive speed diesel since a diesel loco is 7-eight times more environment friendly compared to diesel truck.
It is, due to this fact, logical to modify all lengthy distance freight motion to rail and confine highway transport to quick distances. Railways have initiated a number of measures to achieve high degree of vitality conservation. Public transport system ought to be strengthened so that people aren’t compelled to use personal vehicles. This may save lots of energy.
Industries eat about sixteen-20 per cent of the whole oil merchandise consumed within the nation. Several industries have achieved commendable success in vitality conservation by better management power For example iron and steel industry, petrochemicals, cement and paper industry have saved 21, 32, 28 and 25 per cent energy respectively between 1983 and 1995. Related steps can be taken by other industries for saving oil and other sources of vitality.
In agriculture sector, the primary petroleum products consumed are excessive speed diesel and mild diesel oil. The consumption of oil on this sector will be diminished by programmes for pump rectification, extra efficient foot valves for elevate irrigation, higher farm machinery, use of agro residues and different noncommercial sources of power.
As regards use of petroleum for production of fertilizers, new plan s primarily based on liquid oil merchandise ought to be discouraged and these must be based on use of pure gas or coal as feed-stocks of which the nation has plentiful resources.
Kerosene and LPG are two main oil products used in the domestic sector for cooking and lighting in urban and semi-city areas. Since there are not any viable alternatives to those fuels and they’re to be prolonged to the rural areas to verify deforestation, it’s imperative that their utilisation is earned out at the optimum efficiency level.
The need for conservation of petroleum products has been increasingly felt throughout the last few years. The Petroleum Conservation Research Affiliation (PCRA) underneath the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Fuel is doing a commendable job to promote conservation of petroleum products. The efforts made by this affiliation have made it possible to realize quantifiable savings of about Rs.